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113. KPSC Blog 6
Posted 28 August 2012 / By Prof. B.R.A Rao / For KPSC




The Karnataka Bio-diversity board was set up in 2003 for preservation and conservation of biological diversity. The Board monitors the activities of local bodies  set up at the Gram panchayat, taluk panchayat and Zilla panchayat for this purpose. Awareness and training programmes are conducted for Govt. employees, university students, NGO’s and the public. Several heritage sites have been identified.

The most prominent heritage site is the Nallur tamarind grove which stretches for 55acres and is home to several species of birds and animals.The Gandhi Krishi vidya Kendra is a host to 13 species of mammals,10 species of reptiles and 165 species of birds. The Netravati coral reef is inhabited by 27 species of fish and is a home for rare fauna and flora.

The Varada river basin near Banavasi is home to traditional varieties of paddy that are resistant to floods. At Kirugavalu near Mallavalli taluk , a mango orchard hosts 120 traditional varieties of mango. 150 traditional varieties of rice and different types of ragi.

The Lakshmiranganathaswamy medicinal ECO-PARK is famous for 118 species of medicinal plants and 500 species of trees.

Red rice locally known as rajamudi used by the Wodeyars is being cultivated.


1.What is the people’s bio-diversity register. Where is it maintained?

2.Where is the Nallur tamarind grove located?

3.Where is the Netravati coral reef located?

4.What is GKVK and where is it located?

5,What is Ambaragudda?

6.To whom is the mango orchard at Kirigavalu credited?

7.Where is red rice being cultivated at present?

8.Which State has received the best bio-diversity award?

9.Where is Shola vegetation found?

10.Where in Bangalore is the medicinal eco-park located?

Mr. B.A. Nagesh M.A. K.A.S. (Retd) is available at the Institute for consultation

112. KPSC Blog 5
Posted 22 August 2012 / By Prof. B.R.A Rao / For KPSC





Karnataka has a vast potential for tourism due to its vast culture and heritage. Tourism was declared as a industry in 1988 by the Govt. By declaring Tourism as a industry stress was laid on improving infrastructure at all tourist centres.

The two main agencies set up to develop Tourism are KSTDC and the Jungle Lodges and Resorts. These agencies work under the control of the Dept. of Tourism.

The Govt. of Karnataka has entered into a MOU with China and Belgium for development of tourism.

Aggressive publicity is being undertaken to promote tourism. The tourist policy of 2009-14 seeks an investment of Rs.25,000 crores and creation of 29 to 41 lakh employment opportunities. 8 to 11% of the population is dependent on tourism. It is estimated that 9% of the total foreign exchange comes from

Karnataka tourism. At the district level there is a committee headed by the Deputy commissioner for promoting local festivals focusing on the native culture.

Assistance is being provided by JNNURM for development of core areas around heritage centres. Thus

Heritage buildings in Mysore city are being conserved.


1.What are the functions of the KSTDC and JLR limited?

2.The best awards instituted for best travel city, best weekend destination and the best luxurious train have been awarded. Name them.

3.What is Athithi?

4.Name centres of cruise tourism, golf tourism, wellness tourism and caravan tourism?

5.What is heli-tourism; name the important travel circuits.

6.Name important district utsavs.

7.What is rural tourism; name some projects associated with the same.

8.Where are the Sound and Light programmes being implemented?

9.Where is night safari proposed to be implemented?

10.Where are hospitality courses proposed ?


111. KPSC Blog 4
Posted 22 August 2012 / By Prof. B.R.A Rao / For KPSC




The State election commission  came into existence on 26.5.93. The SEC is set up due to the 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments which gave constitutional status to local self governing bodies.

The State election commission conducts elections to rural local bodies like the gram panchayat, taluk panchaYat and Zilla panchayat and urban local bodies like  town municipalities, city municipal councils and City corporations.

The SEC ensures free and fair elections to local bodies. It has the power of superintendence, direction and control of elections. It is given the power to prepare electoral rolls.

The independence of the SEC is ensured in that he can be removed only in the manner of a High court judge. The SEC is appointed by the Governor.

The SEC can conduct enquiry and pass orders on merits on complaints , He has power to declare a seat as vacant if the member is continuously absent for more than 3 meetings continuously.

The SEC is dependent on the State Govt. for funds and this severely hampers its functioning. Like in the Parliamentary/assembly elections there is a need for curbing election expenditure and introducing massive reforms so that the conduct of elections becomes meaningful.


1.Who is the present State election commissioner?

2.Who is the Chief electoral officer and what are his functions?

3.Has the SEC power to recognize political parties?

4.What are EVMs and what are their advantaes?

5.To what is the expenditure of the SEC charged?

6.Who are appointed election observers?

7.How can bogus voting be eliminated?

8.What is the power of the State Govt.relating to electoral issues?

9.What is the term of the SEC?


104. KPSC Blog 3
Posted 12 August 2012 / By Prof. B.R.A Rao / For KPSC



Karnataka introduced a three-tier system of lPanchayat Raj with a three tier structure. This is in consonance with Art. 40 of the constitution which states that the Govt. will set up village panchayats and endow wthem with sufficient power to make them function as effective units of self govt/ The three tier system of Panchayat raj  comprises the gram panchayat, taluk panchayat and the Zilla panchayat. The Panchayat system is governed by the Panchayat raj act of 1993.

A gram panchayat is constituted for a group of villages. The Deputy commissioner of the district is empowered to constitute gram panchayats for groups of villages and fix or alter its boundaries. The  Gram panchayat is headed by the PDO who is assisted by the Village panchayat secretary. The gram panchayat is entrusted with functions relating to water supply, rural sanitation,licences for buildings and trades. The gram sabha is an assembly of the  village which meets twice a year and considers the schemes taken up/ to be taken for various developmental activitie, besides identifying the beneficiaries for various schemes. There is reservation for the posts of Adhyaksha and Upadyaksha of the Gram panchayat.

The Taluk panchayat is at the Taluk level comprising the MP/MLA/MLCof the area with a Adyaksha and Upadyaksha. The Taluk panchayat samiti monitors the functioning of the Gram panchayats and seeks a half-yearly report on the functioning of Gram panchayats with regard to conduct of gram sabhas. Maintains water supply, enrolment in schools, and functions through various committees. The Executive officer heads the taluk panchayat and works under the Adyaksha and Upadyaksha.

The Zilla panchayat is at the district level headed by an IAS  officer known as the  Chief executive officer. The ZP functions through various committees like the Standing committee; Finance committee, Social Justice committee, Education, health and Agriculture and Industries committee. The CEO is assisted by the Chief accounts officer, Planning officer, Deputy secretaries and supporting staff. The CEO works uner the Adyaksha and Upadyaksha.

All developmental activities in the district are carried out by the ZP which controls 33 departments relating from agriculture and soil conservation to maintenance of roads, bridges, maintenance of hostels for the depressed classes and  all anti-poverty programmes of the Govt. of India.


1.Which are the important committes associated  with Panchayat raj?

2.What is panchayat jamabandi?

3.How do you define corrupt practice in elections?

4.What is the name of the scheme that provides for irrigation facilities to the SC/ST families?

5.Who pioneered  rural drinking water schemes in Karnataka?

6.Name the institute set up by the Govt. to train functionaries/elected  representatives in rural development?

7.Name the important committee s of the Zilla panchayat and their functions.

8Who decides the election disputes relating to Gram panchayat, taluk panchayat and zilla panchayat?

9.Who audits the accounts of the Zilla panchayat?

10. What is the amendment that has given constitutional satatus to Panchayat raj institutions?


99. KPSC Blog 2 Karnataka economy
Posted 3 August 2012 / By Prof. B.R.A Rao / For KPSC


1.Regional development

The concept of regional imbalance became evident after the reorganization of the State in 1956 and merger of areas from Hyderabad-Karnataka and Bombay Karnataka These areas were backward and less developed compared to the areas in Old Mysore . Due to this regional imbalance there is a cry for separate statehood for North Karnataka.

The Govt  set up the Nanjundappa committee report to study the issue of regional imbalances. The Commission addressed the level of development in 175 taluks by studying parameters like agriculture, economic infrastructure and connectivity to the capital. The Committee identified 114 taluks as backward and most backward.

The Special development plan (SDP) based on the committee’s report had certain objectives like addressing growth in these areas by pumping more investment, building infrastructure and institutional organisations to reduce grievances. The SDP focused on irrigation, rural development and rural services. Assistance  for agriculture is through programmes of Karnataka Neeravari Nigam and KBJNL by constructing /rejuvenating tanks and barrages. Connectivity to tourist places like Badami and Sirsi; construction of minor airports at Bidar, Gulbarga and Raichur. Cluster approach in 39 most backward taluks for strengthening school infrastructure and rural housing,

The Backward region grant fund(BRGF) seeks to address regional imbalance by focusing on the backward districts of Gulbarga, Bidar, Raichur and Davanagere.

The Govt. of India has a similar scheme for the development of backward regions in the country.


1.Which areas comprised Hyderabad-Karnataka and Bombay Karnataka?

2.Which are the most backward taluks listed by the Nanjundappa report?

3.What is the role of NABARD in promoting regional development?

4.Name the important educational institutions/universities set up as a result of the Nanjundappa report.

5.What is Rashtriya Sam vikas yojana?

6.Which is the nodal agency to implement this scheme?

7.What is the period of the Backward Region grant fund?

8.In which districts of the State is the Rashtriya sam vikas yojana implemented?

9.What is the cluster approach in education?

10. What steps are taken to improve transport services?


,97. For KPSC Mains Blog 1
Posted 28 July 2012 / By Prof. B.R.A Rao / For KPSC





Mr. B,A, Nagesh M.A.,

Karnataka has a rich cultural heritage. Kannada literature has produced many  Jnanapith awardees. Regional languages like Telugu, Tamil, Tulu and Konkani have produced  many scholars and these regional languages have enriched Karnataka culture.

The earliest work on Kannada is Kaviraja marga. Pampa.s  Vikramarjuna Vijaya is based on the Mahabharata. This is the earliest epic.

The 12th century saw the emergence of Veerasaivism. This period saw the end of the dominance of Sanskrit in Kannada literature.

Dvaita philosophy was propounded by Purandhara dasa through keertanas which enriched Kannada literature..

The Vijayangar empire  produced scholars in Kannada,Telugu and Sanskrit. Krishnadevarraya himself was

A great scholar and the Ashtadiggajas  adorned his court.

The Wodeyars of Mysore encouraged literary pursuits. Chikkadevaraja and Nalmadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar were great cholars.

English literature influenced  Kannada writers the foremost of them being B.M.Srikantaiah. The period saw the translation of many English works into Kannada.

Dasa sahitya was characterized by prominent writers of the Dalit community who wrote about the travails of their community.

The feminist movement saw the emergence of several prominent women who questioned the male supremacy in Kannada literature.




1.Who is the Kalidasa of Karnataka?

2.What is folk literature?

3.How did Veerasaivism influence Kannada literature?

4.Name a few Veerasaiva poets and writers.

6/Who is the father of Karnatic music?

7.Name important writers of the Wodeyar dynasty and their works.

8.What is the Navodaya movement?

9.Name prominent women writers.

10.Name prominent writers of the Dalit samudaya.

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Karnataka, INDIA.

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